By Pamela O. Long
In modern-day global of highbrow estate disputes, business espionage, and ebook signings through well-known authors, one simply loses sight of the ancient nature of the attribution and possession of texts. In Openness, Secrecy, Authorship: Technical Arts and the tradition of information from Antiquity to the Renaissance, Pamela lengthy combines highbrow historical past with the heritage of technology and know-how to discover the tradition of authorship. utilizing classical Greek in addition to medieval and Renaissance eu examples, lengthy lines the definitions, obstacles, and traditions of highbrow and medical construction and attribution. She examines those attitudes as they pertain to the technical and the sensible. even supposing Long's learn follows a chronological improvement, this isn't purely a common paintings. lengthy is ready to learn occasions and assets inside their historic context and locale. by means of taking a look at Aristotelian rules of Praxis, Techne, and Episteme. She explains the strain among craft and concepts, authors and manufacturers. She discusses, with stable examine and transparent prose, the increase, wane, and resurgence of precedence within the crediting and lionizing of authors. lengthy illuminates the construction and new version of rules like "trade secrets," "plagiarism," "mechanical arts," and "scribal culture." Her historic examine complicates triumphing assumptions whereas inviting a better examine concerns that outline rather a lot of our society and suggestion to this present day. She argues that "a necessary operating definition of authorship allows a gradation of that means among the poles of authority and originality," and courses us during the term's nuances with readability hardly matched in a historic study.
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Additional info for Openness, Secrecy, Authorship: Technical Arts and the Culture of Knowledge from Antiquity to the Renaissance
This chapter concerns the cultures of authorship associated with the categories techneµ and praxis. It does not focus upon the vast majority of technical arts that did not find explication in treatises; nor does it attempt to reconstruct historical narratives about ancient politics or war using praxis writings. Rather, it focuses on authorship per se as it concerns the technical arts on the one hand and political and military action or praxis on the other. , one result of the Athenian democratic revolution.
E. Ptolemy I Soter achieved preeminence in part by promoting a culture of books and learning. He founded the Alexandrian Museum and Library, which he modeled on the Aristotelian Lyceum, and he dedicated them, as the Lyceum was dedicated, to the nine patrons of the arts, the Muses. Recruiting scholars from far aﬁeld, the Ptolemies provided generous lifetime subsidies. The chosen individuals lived in the Museum, took meals in common, and studied and taught in what became the most famous and most cosmopolitan center of learning in the ancient Mediterranean world.
Especially notable is the active collaboration that this suggests between sculptor, ruler, and sophist. Craftsmen came from all over Attica to build the Parthenon and other buildings and statuary. ”11 In this atmosphere of appreciation for the technical arts craftsmen began to produce writings devoted to particular arts. Agatharchus, a painter from Samos 20 Openness, Secrecy, Authorship who created a scene for an Aeschylan drama and was the ﬁrst painter to use perspective on a large scale, wrote a book on scene painting.