Optical Networks. A Practical Perspective by Ramaswami

By Ramaswami

  • ''This e-book isn't just thorough in masking the physics and the functions of optical communications, however it discusses the relevance of expertise to the rising clever optical networking revolution. this could be crucial examining for each expert in our business.''
    —Desh Deshpande, Chairman, Sycamore Networks, Inc.


    ''This variation of Optical Networks will vastly reduction every person within the enterprise of making swap and support them comprehend the technology in the back of and the purposes of an optical world.''
    —Mike Perusse, Senior vp of Engineering and expertise, Qwest


    ''Rajiv Ramaswami is the industry's top instructor on optical know-how, and this ebook is the main lucid, scholarly, and enlightening advisor to wavelength department multiplexing released to date.''
    —George Gilder, Editor, Gilder know-how file and writer of Telecosm

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Sample text

The signal bandwidth is a measure of the width of the spectrum of the signal. The bandwidth can also be measured either in the frequency domain or in the wavelength domain, but is mostly measured in units of frequency. Note that we have been using the term bandwidth rather loosely. The bandwidth and bit rate of a digital signal are related but not exactly the same. Bandwidth is usually specified in kilohertz or megahertz or gigahertz, whereas bit rate is specified in kilobits/second (kb/s), megabits/second (Mb/s), or gigabits/second (Gb/s).

Willner, editor. /Dec. 2000. 46 INTRODUCTION TO OPTICAL NETWORKS [Yan96] Y. Yano et al. 6 Tb/s WDM transmission experiment using optical duobinary coding. In Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication, 1996. 1. [Zhu01] B. Zhu et al. 7 Gb/s) transmission over 1200 km of non-zero dispersion-shifted fiber with 100-km spans using C- L-band distributed Raman amplification. In OFC 2001 Technical Digest, pages PD23/1-3, 2001. Propagation of Signals in Optical Fiber communication medium compared to other media such as copper or free space.

C. Teich. Fundamentals of Photonics. Wiley, New York, 1991. R. Stauffer. FT3Cma lightwave system for metropolitan and intercity applications. IEEE JSAC, 1:413-419, 1983. [VPM01] G. Vareille, E Pitel, and J. E Marcerou. 6 Gbit/s) transmission over 7380 km using 28 nm C§ with 25 GHz channel spacing and NRZ format. In OFC 2001 Technical Digest, pages PD22/1-3, 2001. E. Willner, editor. /Dec. 2000. 46 INTRODUCTION TO OPTICAL NETWORKS [Yan96] Y. Yano et al. 6 Tb/s WDM transmission experiment using optical duobinary coding.

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