Pakistan and the Geostrategic Environment: A Study of by Hasan-Askari Rizvi (auth.)

By Hasan-Askari Rizvi (auth.)

A examine of Pakistan's overseas coverage with an emphasis on geostrategic setting, undertakes a severe evaluate of Pakistan's interplay on the bilateral, local and overseas degrees. Focusing regularly at the interval from 1972 to the current, the e-book examines Pakistan's afflicted kinfolk with India, interplay with the smaller states of South Asia and the Muslim global. Pakistan's kinfolk with the united states, the Soviet Union, and China, together with the impression of the nuclear factor and the Afghanistan challenge at the Pakistan-U.S. ties get an in depth treatment.

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A meeting of the senior officials in September 1974 produced an agreement to resume postal and telecommunication links. " It was not until mid-October that postal and telecommunication links were actually revived. A telex link was established in November. Subsequently, the scope of postal and telecommunication facilities was extended and in 1985, direct dialing was introduced between India and Pakistan. A protocol signed in New Delhi on 30 November 1974 lifted the embargo on bilateral trade, imposed in 1965 at the outbreak of the IndoPakistan war, although a very limited trading activity was carried on in the post-war period which tapered off by 1971.

A comprehensive response was handed over to Pakistan by India's ambassador to Pakistan, Netwar Singh, towards the end of December 1981, which laid down certain conditions for any meaningful negotiations on Pakistan's offer. " These exchanges served as the basis of the first bilateral dialogue on Pakistan's no-war offer in the last week of January 1982, when Pakistan's Foreign Minister, Agha Shahi, visited New Delhi. There were two significant developments during Shahi's visit. First, India's Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi, proposed the establishment of a permanent joint commission to review and promote their bilateral relations.

The Bengalis stranded in Pakistan (numbering approximately 122 000) were sent back to Bangladesh. Over 119 000 non-Bengalis (Biharis) were airlifted from Dhaka and Khatmandu (Nepal) to Pakistan. This massive movement of people was undertaken under the supervision of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, and several countries provided funds to cover the cost of their transportation. The problem of Biharis in Bangladesh was not completely resolved, although Pakistan continued to accept them even after the winding up of the UNHCR-supervised repatriation.

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