Pillars of Computing: A Compendium of Select, Pivotal by Gerard O'Regan

By Gerard O'Regan

This obtainable compendium examines a suite of vital know-how agencies that experience helped to form the sector of computing and its effect on society. every one corporation is brought with a quick account of its heritage, through a concise account of its key contributions. the choice covers a various variety of historic and modern businesses from pioneers of e-commerce to influential social media businesses. positive factors: provides details on early computing device brands; studies very important mainframe and minicomputer businesses; examines the contributions to the sector of semiconductors made through definite businesses; describes businesses which have been lively in constructing domestic and private desktops; surveys extraordinary examine facilities; discusses the impression of telecommunications businesses and people fascinated by the realm of company software program and enterprise computing; considers the achievements of e-commerce businesses; offers a assessment of social media companies.

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Further, initially it had a limited number of applications available, whereas the IBM PC had spreadsheets, word processors and database applications, and so it was more attractive to customers. The technically superior Apple Macintosh was unable to break the IBM dominance of the market. However, the machine became very popular in the desktop publishing market, due to its advanced graphics capabilities. Apple went through financial difficulty in the mid-1980s, and Jobs resigned from Apple in 1985 following serious disagreements at board level on the direction for the company.

It has a very large product catalogue, a well-designed website with good searching facilities, good checkout facilities and good order fulfilment. The customer can track the status of the order once it is made until it is delivered. Amazon allows customers to rate the product and to provide feedback, and this is potentially useful to other customers. There have been abuses of the product ratings with rival companies posting negative ratings and comments about their competitor products and authors or companies giving a biased rating of their own products under pseudonyms.

A colour monitor was provided for an extra $200, and the machine came with 512 KB of RAM. It used a colour graphical windowing system called GEM. The Atari ST included two Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) ports which made it very popular with musicians. The Atari 1040 ST (Fig. 4) was introduced in 1986, and this 16-bit machine differed from the Atari ST in that it integrated the external power supply and floppy disc drive into one case. It contained 1 MB of RAM and retailed for $999.

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