Primitive Economics of the New Zealand Maori by Raymond Firth

By Raymond Firth

First released in 1929, Raymond Firth’s unique and insightful examine bargains an extremely distinct account of the social and monetary company of the Maori humans prior to their touch with Western civilisation.

Bridging the distance among anthropology and economics, the paintings covers the category constitution, land procedure, undefined, tools of co-operative labour, alternate and distribution, and the mental foundations of Maori society. This reissue could be welcomed by means of all scholars of anthropology and someone the background of the Maori people.

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The root of the matter lies in the fact that it is by consideration of what a thing does that one is likely to best understand what it is. The utility of this principle of definition has been sufficiently well demonstrated in the natural sciences to need no further justification here. 1 With this method a number of American anthropologists such as R. H. Lowie, Clark Wissler, and A. A. Goldenweiser are in sympathy-though their attention has been devoted only incidentally to economic problems-as well as the French sociologist, M.

3 Apart from the test of fact, there are several inconsistencies II II II 1 See The State: its Origin and Function, 1917, and Communism and Society, 1922. " The slave revolts of Greece and Rome are interpreted as attempts to get back to this idyllic condition. The human race, living, as it did, for thousands of years under Communism, in the old gentile or clan system, had communistic impulses rooted in its fibre" (17). 2 Crime and Custom in Savage Society, 135; cf. , 1926, and Thurnwald's " Eigentum " in Ebert's Reallexikon.

To establish securely the difference in various types of economy this full institutional complex centring around the provision of the material goods current in the society must be taken as a basis of distinction. The working out of such a classification in the present state of our knowledge would be a difficult task, inasmuch as the cultures of which the economic organization has been adequately studied can be numbered almost on the fingers of one hand. But the increased interest in primitive economics seems likely to lead to the production of monographs giving a detailed analysis of the economic system of various peoples, a work which will facilitate the ultimate process of classification.

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