Race and Ethnicity: Identity, Culture and Society by Stephen Spencer

By Stephen Spencer

Broad-ranging and accomplished, this incisive new textbook examines the transferring meanings of 'race' and ethnicity and collates the basic innovations in a single critical spouse quantity. From Marxist perspectives to post-colonialism, this publication investigates the attendant debates, concerns and analyses in the context of world swap. utilizing foreign case reports from Australia, Malaysia, the Caribbean, Mexico and the united kingdom and examples of well known imagery that aid to give an explanation for the more challenging parts of concept, this key textual content makes a speciality of way of life matters comparable to: ethnic conflicts and polarized states racism(s) and rules of multiculturalism diasporas, asylum seekers and refugees combined race and hybrid id Incorporating summaries, questions, illustrations, routines and a thesaurus of phrases, this student-friendly textual content additionally places ahead feedback for additional venture paintings. extensive in scope, interactive and available, this publication is a key source for undergraduate and postgraduate point scholars of 'race' and ethnicity around the social sciences.

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Humankind sprang from Adam and Eve. As nonEuropeans were more frequently encountered and as the slave trade progressed, other biblical explanations were needed to safeguard Christian morality. 1 Evolving discourses of race DISCOURSE DESCRIPTION CONSEQUENCES Monogenism (fourteenth–eighteenth century) focus on origin, breed, stock; descent from Adam and Eve commitment to race as lineage, pedigree Polygenism (eighteenth–nineteenth century) biological inheritance and hierarchy species; population; rigid categories Evolutionism (late nineteenth century) more fluid taxonomies; race as sub-species genetically interpreted breeding populations are species; races are sub-species.

The construction of a group as ‘other’ depends on the social and historical character of a nation and is parasitic on developments in science, social theory and belief systems that function to create an identity a sense of nation. 1 shows the shift from the primacy of religious belief (social solidarity based upon collective worship, a belief in a battle between supernatural forces) through the beginnings of race science and the ranking of colonial and imperial subjects within an order based variously upon civilisation and evolutionary (Darwinist) notions of development to more pragmatic criteria, geographical and economic notions of development and modernisation.

We recognise the gross stereotypes, disturbing and distasteful as they may be, and at some level they may influence judgement, may become naturalised despite their banality. Another poster, ostensibly an advert for a recruitment agency with a slogan ‘Dominate the Race’, pictured a besuited white executive climbing a ladder and treading on the hands of a similar dressed black candidate who was grasping the lower rungs. These posters may have left people gasping in amazement at the extraordinary breaches in political correctness, but by all accounts there were not many complaints registered.

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