Racial Science and British Society, 1930-62 by G. Schaffer

By G. Schaffer

The learn of race has been an enormous function in British universities for over 100 years. in this time, educational realizing of what race describes and capacity has replaced and built as has the aim of racial examine. as soon as thought of the shield of biologists and actual anthropologists, over the process the final century the learn of race has transferred in general into social clinical disciplines akin to sociology. This ebook explores this passing of authority on racial concerns within the context of overseas and family political issues.In a interval which spans the increase and fall of Nazism, the onset of the chilly battle, the start of Apartheid and the loss of life of felony US segregation, Racial technological know-how and British Society, 1930-62 considers the connection among technological know-how, politics and beliefs, arguing that racial scholarship in Britain used to be formed in each interval by way of components outdoors of technology. while it argues that it really is attainable to work out the impact of professional racial scholarship in each major motion of presidency immigration coverage in this interval. This significant new examine of Twentieth-century Britain calls into query the effect of racial principles on British society and probes into the character of information creation in technological know-how.

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Haddon’s We Europeans in 1935 provides a much clearer indication of this new commitment. We Europeans set out to undermine the Nazi regime’s use and understanding of the concept of race in European populations. 101 Huxley and Haddon, as co-authors, were ideally suited to such a task. Straddling the fields of anthropology and biology between them, both well respected as moderate liberal-leaning men, they provided a dream team of British scientific impartiality. 102 Looking at the correspondence surrounding We Europeans it becomes clear that there were several authors.

128 As radical as this message may have been, set against the racial dogmatism of the Third Reich, it was by no means a refutation of race. We Europeans’ authors were prepared to attack the fallacies of Nazi racial theory, very willing to stress the importance of environmental and cultural factors in shaping differences between groups, but could not bring themselves to dismiss the biological possibility of racial diversity. Similarly, if we explore in detail the consideration given in We Europeans to the issue of ‘miscegenation’ it is again possible to see an authorial Rethinking Interwar Racial Reform: the 1930s 39 unwillingness to abandon altogether the idea of racial difference.

The other copy I am keeping here for the present. By the way, what has happened about Chapter 8 (Europe overseas – according to the list of chapters)? There doesn’t seem to be one. Is it a chapter that is being done by somebody else, and what am I to do with it when it appears, or have you got it, or what? 103 In other correspondence between Coomb and Huxley in January 1935 the important role being played by Singer and Seligman in the development of the text is highlighted further. ’104 In another letter sent the following week, Coomb highlighted the role of eugenicist and anthropologist Alexander Carr Saunders, who was fully credited as cowriter in later editions, as the author of the missing chapter on ‘Europe overseas’.

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