By Aaron Maurice Saari
Overlaying every little thing from the explorations of Christopher Columbus to Martin Luther's rebellion, the writings of William Shakespeare to the creations of Michelangelo, this source fills the necessity for complete assurance of this extraordinary time. Renaissance & Reformation: Almanac offers huge heritage details and comprises exploration of either the Italian and northerly Renaissance, the Protestant, Catholic and Counter Reformations, and lots more and plenty extra. Renaissance & Reformation: Biographies introduces scholars to nearly 50 humans of the period, together with Galileo Galilei, Johann Gutenberg, Ben Jonson, Raphael and others. Renaissance & Reformation: basic resources permits scholars to review 18 complete or excerpted speeches, diary entries, newspaper and journal articles, poems and records.
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Extra resources for Renaissance and Reformation, Almanac, Volume 2
In this thesis he argued that God had granted the power of free will to Adam (the first man on Earth, according to the Bible). That is, humans have free will (the ability to choose their own actions), an idea that contradicted the traditional church view that all human actions are controlled by God. According to Pico, each person is capable of making a distinction between right and wrong and can separate truth from illusion. The human intellect is therefore free to guide the soul and achieve union with the creator.
Humanists were always eager to discover and share ancient texts, and in the 1450s the new art of printing greatly aided this goal. They also embraced reform of the church through a return to ancient biblical and early Christian works. They were able to adapt their ideas to the different political and cultural situations in the various Italian city-states. The movement spread rapidly from Florence to the elite social classes in Venice, Padua, Verona, Bologna, Milan, and Genoa, then extended south to Rome and Naples.
Gentillet distorted Machiavelli’s teachings, which he blamed for the Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre, the killing of Huguenots in Paris on a Catholic religious holiday, in 1572 (see “France” in Chapter 6). Many of Machiavelli’s positive values were adopted in the nineteenth century. Among them were the supremacy of the state over religion, the drafting of soldiers for citizen armies, and the preference for a republican government rather than a monarchy. Machiavelli was also instrumental in reviving the Roman ideals of honesty, hard work, and civic responsibility.