Renaissance and Revolution: Humanists, scholars, craftsmen by J. V.; James, Frank (editors) Field

By J. V.; James, Frank (editors) Field

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Luyendijk-Elshout, ‘Lc systemc lymphatique au dix-septieme siecle: rcalites et fantaisies’, 1965, 52: 283-8. 54 Medicine and natural history Harold J. Cook While Swammerdam’s generation was the first to try to adapt Cartesianism to natural history (albeit with only modest success), the generation of his older colleague, Gerard Blasius, shows clearly the high level of work done before Cartesianism claimed the minds of so many. Blasius was the son of the architect to the king of Denmark; he studied in Copenhagen - probably with Caspar Bartholin - before coming to Leiden for his university education in 1645.

S. Oldenburgcr-Ebbcrs and D. O. S5(b-I839) (Wageningen, 1983). S I U J\T u T O M I C U M . 1. Theatrum anatomicum, Leiden University, engraving by Johannes Meursius after Crispijn de Passe, 1612. Depicted as seen during the spring through autumn, when anatomies were not in progress (but note that the artist could not refrain from placing an opened woman on the dissecting table). ^*^ Like the gardens, anatomy theatres were more than a place for inculcating the latest knowledge into students. F o r those who might be a bit slow to see this for themselves, during the spring to autumn months when anatomy lessons were not given in Leiden, the university theatre was filled with human skeletons (Fig.

6: emphasis and parenthesis in the original, h’or a discussion of arguments for a scientific ‘metaphysics’, see Gary Hatfield, ‘Metaphysics and the new science’, in Reappraisals o f the Scientific Revolution, David C. Lindbcrg and Robert S. Westman (Cambridge, 1990), 9,1-166. ' A. Rupert Hall, ‘On Whiggism’, Hist. , 983, 21: 45-59; also see Michael Polanyi, Science, Faith and Society (London, 1946; Chicago, 1964); J. Bronowski, Science and Human Values (New York, 1965). '^ But with the notable exception of a few scholars such as Walter Pagel, P.

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