Responsibility to Protect: The Global Moral Compact for the by Richard H. Cooper, Juliette Voïnov Kohler (eds.)

By Richard H. Cooper, Juliette Voïnov Kohler (eds.)

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See, for example, Kenneth Roth’s chapter in this book. 10. UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations, Background Note (November 30, 2006). 11. International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2006 (New York: Routledge, 2006), 403, table 44. 12. Quoted in David Rose, “Neo Culpa,” Vanity Fair, November 3, 2006. 2 Advancing the Responsibility to Protect Through International Criminal Justice Cherif Bassiouni* There is nothing more difficult to take in hand, more perilous to conduct, or more uncertain in its success, than to take the lead in the introduction of a new order of things.

The third contribution of the commission was to make it clear that the “responsibility to protect” was about much more than intervention and, in particular, military intervention. It extends to a whole continuum of obligations: the responsibility, most important of all, to prevent these situations from arising; the responsibility to react to them when they do, with a whole graduated menu of responses, from the persuasive to the coercive; and the responsibility to rebuild after any intrusive intervention—of which the most important is the responsibility to prevent.

While there has never been empiric verification of the following argument, it can be argued that the human and economic costs incurred by the international community since the end of World War II, which heralded the UN Security Council system of collective security, have far outweighed the costs which would have been incurred had that system been transformed into one based on the responsibility to protect against widespread or systematic gross violations of human rights and humanitarian law. While this may 36 CHERIF BASSIOUNI sound anathema to political realists, it evidences that contemporary political realism is blindly intent on ignoring its own realism by failing to assess the costs of conflicts, including their human harm, destruction of material and natural resources, and the wasting of economic resources.

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