Shaftesbury and the Culture of Politeness: Moral Discourse by Lawrence E. Klein

By Lawrence E. Klein

The 3rd earl of Shaftesbury used to be a pivotal determine in eighteenth-century idea and tradition. Professor Klein's new research is the 1st to check the huge Shaftesbury manuscripts and provide an interpretation that relates his rules approximately philosophy, morals, faith and the humanities to his social and political targets. via politeness, Shaftesbury conceptualized a brand new type of public and important tradition, and tremendously encouraged the philosophical and cultural versions linked to the ecu Enlightenment.

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The trouble was that philosophy as Shaftesbury confronted it in the years around 1700 was becoming unsuitable for the moral formation of anyone. For a variety of reasons, which Shaftesbury observed, philosophy was of diminishing moral force. In order for philosophy to serve the purpose of giving moral shape to gentlemen, Shaftesbury had to confront and redirect it. " Thus, while Shaftesbury asserted the superiority of philosophy to religion, he also had to reclaim philosophy for this project of moral formation.

Introduction 21 namely, the Church and the King. Shaftesbury was fundamentally a Whig who, in opposition to the classic commitments of the Tories, wished to see the power of both Church and Monarch reduced. Tracing a vision of eighteenth-century politics and culture that replaced godly and courtly understandings with a public gentlemanly one is the main aim of this study. Eschewing ecclesiastical and courtly institutions, Shaftesbury directed his program of gentlemanly formation at the moral and cultural health of the ruling elite.

10-39. Similar themes are important to Wilhelm Dilthey, Edmund Husserl, Ernst Cassirer, and Jiirgen Habermas. 3-21. Instead, a growing bibliography emphasizes the "un-modern" aspects of early modern science (alchemy, astrology, the hermetic tradition) or the affinities between natural philosophy and other cultural idioms, such as humanistic inquiry, rhetoric, and courtly culture. For instance, Louis Loeb, From Descartes to Hume: Continental Metaphysics and the Development of Modern Philosophy (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1981), and D.

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