By Cohen, Jessye
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I want to thank all my co-workers who've collaborated with me, from 1963 formerly, in organic and scientific examine within the box of melanoma energetic immunotherapy, of its immuno prevention and immunorestoration. they are going to usually be quoted during this ebook. i'm rather thankful to people who have helped me to jot down it by means of reviewing a few chapters: D.
Extra info for Social support received online and offline by individuals diagnosed with cancer
As described above, relationships among types of coping, social support, and psychological functioning and have been investigated in the existing literature. However, a review of the coping literature reiterated that coping is a dynamic and multidimensional process and much remains to be learned in this area (Folkman & Moskowitz, 2004). Coping changes over time and depends on the perception of the stressor. Folkman and Moskowitz discussed the difficulties with nomenclature and measurement in the coping literature.
2004). , 2004) and some authors recommend providing training to patients to filter information online (Chung & Kim, 2008). British adults who had been diagnosed with cancer noted in Ziebland and colleagues’ study (2004) that information on the Internet was “too bossy” for the British. In a study of 15 Scandinavian women participating in an Internet breast cancer support group, Høybye, Johansen, and Tjørnhøj-Thomsen (2005) reported the “absence of a physical dimension to a conversation can lead to misunderstandings and potentially harmful situations” (p.
This process includes two key elements (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984): primary appraisal, which is the assessment of the personal significance of an event (or whether the event is a threat); secondary appraisal, which represents a person’s evaluation of the controllability of an event or “what can I do about it” (Lakey & Cohen, 2000, p. 34; Park & Folkman, 1997). Social support may serve as a buffer to stress (or the negative effects of stress) by leading a person to appraise stressful situations less negatively (Lakey & Cohen, 2000).