By Achilleas Megas
This booklet examines Soviet overseas coverage in the direction of East Germany within the overdue Nineteen Eighties. through concentrating on the advanced interplay among household political concept and advancements within the overseas method, the writer illustrates the hierarchical dating among the GDR and the USSR and provides diverse views for knowing Soviet international coverage. The books demonstrates that shifts in Soviet coverage in the direction of the GDR stemmed, at the one hand, from the foreign point, in that Soviet safety was once legitimated by way of the life of 2 full-fledged German states, and, at the different, will be top defined by way of principles and Gorbachev’s new political philosophy.
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4 The Soviet leadership strongly criticised his view as fundamentally pessimistic and was not necessary shared by the Soviet leadership. At the meeting of the Communist Party in February 1955, the close collaborator of Khrushchev, Bulganin, replaced Malenkov as Soviet Prime Minister. Opponents of Malenkov’s promises for relaxation in international tensions stressed the ideological confrontations with the West and that the inevitable end of this rivalry would be the victory of socialism. Nikolai Bulganin, a full member of the Politburo, was a conservative and obedient politically to the party line, although he was inspired less by Stalinism in foreign affairs.
Given past Soviet policy, the highly centralised and authoritarian Soviet state had been expected to defend the GDR’s sovereignty even in 1989. Soviet conceptions of the German question were reflected in a flexible Soviet– German policy, based on the idea that a divided Germany would serve the Soviet Union’s long-term strategic aims. The main lesson to be learnt from studying the years between the establishment of the GDR and Ostpolitik was that the USSR considered the survival of the GDR a ‘vital necessity’.
By that time the GDR had seriously challenged the assumption of itself as a pliant satellite state of the USSR. From the period 1979 to 1985, the differences between the two countries deepened (K€onig 2002). These differences represented divergent views on security questions in Europe and on biand multilateral economic cooperation between the two countries. The GDR had articulated its own interests in a series of cases: European security and relations with the FRG were at the centre of the disagreement.