By Gregory Louis Mattson
This army background examines the second one Waffen-SS department, overlaying its formation, via to its involvement within the invasion of poland, Holland, France, the Balkans and Kursk at the japanese entrance, and directly to Hitler's ultimate defeat.
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Extra info for SS-Das Reich: The History of the Second SS Division 1941-45
Originally, it represented the monthly cost of maintaining the troops sent to accompany a newly elected Emperor to Rome for his coronation by the pope. The notional value, based on the cost of maintaining 4,202 cavalry and 20,063 infantry, as agreed in 1521, was originally about 128,000 gulden. By the seventeenth century, following the departure of territories and cities that lost their independent status from the 1521 assessment list and taking into account the money due from the various Habsburg territories, the value was about 64,000 gulden.
In 1666, they attempted another conquest of Bremen. The Second Northern War underlined the fragility of the Westphalian peace, but also the extent of French inﬂuence on the Reich. It would be easy to conclude that the emperor had become irrelevant, opposed by many Estates and held in check by all of them. That, however, ignores the signiﬁcant contribution made by Austria to the defeat of the Swedes. Ferdinand III had been reluctant to become involved, particularly in a dispute that did not involve the Reich during his lifetime.
The crisis was resolved by December 1654, but Sweden’s reputation in the Reich was badly dented and Sweden lost all interest in any aspect of the Reich beyond its own territories. 7 The new king inherited a dire ﬁnancial situation that was only marginally 5 Wrede, Reich, 217–22. Bremen formally became an Imperial City after a long struggle with the archbishops (latterly Protestant dukes of Schleswig-Holstein): Schindling and Ziegler, Territorien, iii, 44–57; Schilling, ‘Homagium’. 7 He was a grandson of Charles IX and the son of Gustavus Adolphus’s half-sister.