Sustaining Growth And Performance In East Asia: The Role Of by Charles Harvie, Boon-Chye Lee

By Charles Harvie, Boon-Chye Lee

This 3rd e-book within the sequence specializes in how small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs) give a contribution to attaining and maintaining progress and function of their economies, in addition to the ways that governments may also help and improve that contribution. this can be of specific hindrance given the trauma suffered through East Asian economies within the wake of the monetary and fiscal quandary of 1997-98. confronted with the necessity to restructure and reform their economies and thereby in achieving a company origin for destiny sustainable development, many East Asian nations actively pursued SME development, targeting the encouragement of entrepreneurialism within the inner most area. Drawing at the insights of quite a lot of SME specialists, the publication presents a huge insurance of significant elements of SMEs, together with: • the contribution of micro-enterprises to monetary restoration and poverty relief • dimension and overview concerns • dealing with wisdom improvement • moral values in SMEs • the internationalization procedure • access mode judgements in export markets • technological sourcing • and use of the net. featuring a modern research of SME advancements in East Asia, either lecturers and policymakers will locate maintaining development and function in East Asia of serious curiosity.

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Harvie, C. C. Lee (2002a) (eds), Globalisation and Small and Medium Enterprises in East Asia, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing. Harvie, C. C. Lee (2002b) (eds), The Role of Small and Medium Enterprises in National Economies in East Asia, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing. Ministry of Economic Affairs (1999), White Paper on Small and Medium Enterprises in Taiwan, Small and Medium Enterprises Administration, Taiwan, September. OECD (1997), Globalisation and SMEs, Vols 1 and 2, Paris: OECD. OECD (2000a), ‘Enhancing the competitiveness of SMEs through innovation’, workshop paper no.

Innovation Recent studies have shown that, despite the fact that a very small fraction of total business R&D in the developed economies is accounted for by SMEs, they contribute greatly to the innovation system by introducing new products and adapting existing products to the needs of their customers (OECD, 2000a). Small firms account for a disproportionate share of new product innovation despite their low R&D expenditures (Acs and Audretsch, 1990). In addition, they have also been innovative in terms of improved designs and product processes and in the adoption of new technologies.

In addition, they provide possibilities for promoting empowerment, security and opportunity. Where economic growth occurs, and the number of small and medium-scale enterprises increases, they serve as a major force promoting upward social mobility, by increasing employment and drawing in people from lower-productivity occupations (IFC, 2000, p. 15). On the other hand however, SMEs face significant constraints. Owing to their smaller scale, they tend to have more limited resources (including knowledge, skills, technology, finance and influence), and consequently to be more marginal and more unstable.

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