Technological Innovation and Public Policy: The Automotive by Hiroaki Miyoshi, Masanobu Kii

By Hiroaki Miyoshi, Masanobu Kii

Targeting defense and environmental security concerns, this ebook presents incisive, state-of-the-art theoretical research that evaluates the influence of recent automobile applied sciences, and the linked public guidelines, on social welfare.

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In 2006, Japan became the first nation in the world to impose fuel economy standards on medium- and heavy- duty vehicles (such as trucks and buses). In 2007, the fuel economy standards for passenger cars and light- duty trucks were revised and tightened, and a standard for light- duty buses was also introduced. 1. These Japanese fuel economy standards are set separately for each vehicle weight class, and each car-maker is required to ensure that the average fuel economy of the vehicles it ships within a given weight class (for passenger cars, for example, there are 16 weight classes) does not fall below the target value for that weight class.

The Safety Standard has been amended and expanded more than 100 times since 1951. In the US, criticism of car-makers by consumer groups1 led to the enactment in 1966 of the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act. This legislation established rules for automobile design and established an administrative authority, the National Highway Safety Bureau (NHSB) (the predecessor of today’s National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration (NHTSA)), within the US Department of Transportation. The system imposed specific regulations based on Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) set by the NHSB.

6 Measures for networking, globalization, and introduction of information technologies Information and communication technologies have been a mainstay of automotive design and production for many years. Japanese car-makers had introduced computer-aided design (CAD) system into automobile design as early as the 1970s, and information and communication technologies have been incorporated into automobiles from the earliest stages. Information and communication technologies have also taken root as core technologies for vehicle bodies.

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