By Richard L. Myers
What's a chemical compound? Compounds are components which are or extra components mixed jointly chemically in a customary percentage by way of weight. Compounds are throughout us - they contain typical issues, similar to water, and extra esoteric elements, corresponding to triuranium octaoxide, the main as a rule happening usual resource for uranium. This reference consultant provides us a journey of a hundred of an important, universal, strange, and exciting compounds recognized to technological know-how. each one access supplies an intensive clarification of the composition, molecular formulation, and chemical homes of the compound. furthermore, every one access stories the appropriate chemistry, background, and makes use of of the compound, with discussions of the foundation of the compound's identify, the invention or first synthesis of the compound, construction information, and makes use of of the compound.
Read or Download The 100 Most Important Chemical Compounds: A Reference Guide PDF
Best general & reference books
This sequence presents an invaluable, applications-oriented discussion board for the following new release of macromolecules and fabrics. purposes contain non-linear optical fabrics, uniqueness magnetic fabrics, liquid crystals, anticancer and antiviral medicines, remedy of arthritis, antibacterial medications, antifouling fabrics, therapy of convinced diet deficiencies, electric conductors and semiconductors, piezoelectronic fabrics, electrodes, UV absorption functions, super-strength fabrics, distinct lubricants and gaskets, selective catalytic and multi-site catalytic brokers.
Here’s an enticing statistic: greater than 1/2 all chemists paintings on a few element of polymers. for prime tuition lecturers who are looking to introduce polymer technological know-how fundamentals, homes, and makes use of, this booklet is uniquely helpful—much deeper than basic monographs or collections of experiments, yet even more available than university texts.
Simplifying the complicated chemical reactions that ensue in daily throughout the well-stated solutions for greater than six hundred universal chemistry questions, this reference is the go-to consultant for college students and pros alike. The ebook covers every little thing from the heritage, significant personalities, and groundbreaking reactions and equations in chemistry to laboratory options all through background and the newest advancements within the box.
Great fresh publication
Additional resources for The 100 Most Important Chemical Compounds: A Reference Guide
The development of aspirin was partly motivated by ﬁnding a substitute for the pain reliever heroin because of the latter’s addictive properties. Bayer promoted aspirin widely at the turn of the century and rapidly established a large market for its use. In its ﬁrst years on the market, it competed with other salicylates as an antipyretic, and then as an analgesic. Bayer acquired a trademark to the name Aspirin, but relinquished these rights to England, the United States, Russia, and France as war reparations in the Treaty of Versailles, which ended World War I.
The transfer of genetic information to produce proteins from mRNA is called translation. In the cytoplasm, the mRNA mixes with ribosomes and encounters another type of RNA called transfer RNA or tRNA. Ribosomes contain tRNA and amino acids. The tRNA translates the mRNA into three-letter sequences of nucleotides called codons. Each three-letter sequence corresponds to a particular amino acid. Because there are four nucleotides (C, G, A, and U), the number of diﬀerent codons would be equal to 43 or 64.
When two phosphoryl are lost from ATP, it is converted to adenosine monophosphate (AMP) to provide energy. Because of ATP’s primary role in energy transfer in organisms, it is often referred to as the “energy currency” in biology. ATP is discussed in greater detail in the next entry. | 17 6. 04 g/cm3 (for disodium salt) ATP is one of the most important biological compounds because of its role in supplying energy for life. All living organism require energy to carry out biological functions such as photosynthesis, muscle contraction, digestion, and biosynthesis.