The Anglo-Swedish Alliance Against Napoleonic France by C. Jorgensen

By C. Jorgensen

This new research via Christer Jorgensen addresses a miles overlooked box of research within the heritage of Scandinavia and the better Baltic quarter through the Napoleonic Age. The ebook concentrates upon kin and the alliance among Britain and Sweden through the heart years of the conflict; years that encompassed the Austerlitz crusade, the complex diplomatic talks among the allies, Russia's abandonment of the allied reason at Tilsit (1807), the Russo-Swedish battle (1808-09) that determined the destiny of Finland, the capitulation of the Gibraltar of the North, and eventually the turbulent politics of Sweden in the course of and after the coup of March 1809.

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The negotiations and the alliance were doomed as long as this saboteur remained in London and Harrowby demanded that Silverhjelm be recalled immediately. Pierrepoint had expected Gustavus IV to heed this British demand. 37 Silverhjelm was therefore free to continue his subtle but increasingly futile quest to prevent an alliance. Harrowby, who viewed Silverhjelm as a proven liar and ill-willed obstacle to the alliance, simply ignored him and conducted negotiations with the Swedes through Pierrepoint.

The king’s ministers were adamantly opposed to what they saw as a premature and The Road to War: 1804–5 21 dangerous move. Gustavus was convinced that their caution in the face of naked French aggression was misplaced. He pointed out, with some justification, that if Napoleon could kidnap and murder a royal prince such as d’Enghien, then there was no safety from Napoleon’s dictatorial reach anywhere in Europe. 7 However, Gustavus IV was not entirely alone and this boded ill for Napoleon. Emperor Alexander I, who was married to Elizabeth of Baden, sister to the Swedish queen, had also taken umbrage at Napoleon’s attack upon Baden and the execution of the duke.

Louis duly arrived, as planned, at Kalmar in southern Sweden and was, in the king’s absence, received by Count Fersen, the Marshal of the Realm. The populace gave Louis and his Bourbon relatives a warm welcome and, as a purely social event, the visit was a major success. Upon his return to Libau, where he resided in Russian exile, Louis composed a strongly worded proclamation expressing his anger at Napoleon’s usurpation of his throne and his warm thanks to Sweden. 40 The Swedish government was riddled with cliques and mutually hostile groupings.

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