By Marie Soderberg
Japan is now the most important donor of authentic improvement information (ODA) through the global. This learn takes a brand new method of this topic by way of targeting the strategies, methodologies and company mechanisms on the implementation point that impression the method of policy-making in Tokyo. it's also the 1st examine to discover the method of receiving reduction, arguing that a number of the recipient nations exert enormous impact over the distribution of jap international relief.
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Extra info for The Business of Japanese Foreign Aid: Five Case Studies from Asia (European Institute of Japanese Studies East Asian Economics and Business Studies Series)
From a humanitarian point of view it may seem logical to give most aid to the poorest countries in the world which have a greater need of aid, but such consideration is not shown in Japanese aid implementation. Japan gives less than other countries to the least among less-developed countries (LLDC15), that is, the poorest countries in the world. Of the 21 DAC member countries only Spain gives less than Japan to these countries. 6 Percentage of aid to the LLDCs by a selection of DAC members, 1993 Source: DAC One reason for the comparatively low proportion of aid to the poorest countries in the world is the heavy priority Japan gives to certain countries in Asia which have seen tremendous economic growth.
The same is true for many other aid activities, that is, the provision of social, health and public services, within Swedish society and many other Western countries. For example, anyone seriously ill is given immediate treatment at a Swedish hospital whereas in Japan patients are expected to prove that they are able to pay the bill before treatment is given. These values, based on human life being considered sacred, have always been fundamental to Western foreign aid, even if they do not always dominate other government considerations such as ideology, foreign policy, defence strategy and business concerns.
It takes up Keidanren’s view on ODA and the significance of aid to the general business of Japanese companies. It looks at ODA versus private investment in Asia. The roles of engineering consulting firms and the trading houses are considered and there is a case study of how one company approaches aid. Chapter 4 is the Thai case study, Chapter 5 the Indonesian, Chapter 6 the Philippine one and Chapters 7 and 8 the Chinese cases. These chapters constitute the main part of this book in which the implementation of ODA is described in detail.