By Robert Fowler
The 2 Homeric poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey, have lengthy been thought of masterpieces, and their impact on next Greek and Western literature has been monstrous. a global workforce of specialists discusses the poems, their historical past and composition, and next reception to the current day. each one bankruptcy positive aspects modern serious insights and closes with a consultant to extra examining at the subject.
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Extra resources for The Cambridge Companion to Homer (Cambridge Companions to Literature)
145– 60) where ‘lovely Trojan wives and daughters always washed clothes, long before the Akhaians came, in days of peace’. Does the wistful recollection belong to the poet, or the runners, or those frozen spectators watching them? 458–61; cf. Grifﬁn (1980), Rutherford (1996) 44–7, Lateiner (2002). 21 Cambridge Companions Online © Cambridge University Press, 2006 d o n a l d l at e i n e r Social complexity Homer captures personal and social entanglements without overtly psychologising them. 30 Iliadic men and women confront insoluble dilemmas – not here the Odyssean black and white heroes and villains, fairy-tale reunions and happy endings.
The Akhaian soldiers struggle to maintain their military foothold, their military status with each other, and their self-respect in a fragile environment. Ten years camped on a cold and windy shore take a toll on tempers. The people not at Ilion (farmers, shepherds and hunters), the animals (of land, air and sea), and the weather events that populate the breath-taking extended similes provide 26 27 Gender issues are more salient in the Odyssey (see Lateiner (1995)), but women signify the prime trafﬁcked commodities.
191–202). See further Holscher (1967) 1–16. ¯ (below, p. 33). The meaning of Odyssean epithets with a similar sense include da¨ıphron polutropos – ‘much-travelled’ or (like polum¯etis) ‘versatile’ – has been debated since antiquity: see Heubeck et al. (1988–92) ad loc. Odysseus is also, among other things, polutlas, ‘muchenduring’. On Homeric stock-epithets, see below, ch. 8. 32 Cambridge Companions Online © Cambridge University Press, 2006 The Odyssey and its explorations it is borne out by all his personal history: wanderings, escapes, disguises, triumphs against the odds.