By Martin Maiden, John Charles Smith, Adam Ledgeway
What's the foundation of the Romance languages and the way did they evolve? while and the way did they develop into various from Latin, and from one another? quantity 2 of The Cambridge background of the Romance Languages bargains clean and unique reflections at the relevant questions and concerns within the comparative exterior histories of the Romance languages. it truly is organised round the key subject matters of impacts and associations, exploring the basic effect, of touch with and borrowing from, different languages (including Latin), and the cultural and institutional forces at paintings within the institution of ordinary languages and norms of correctness. an ideal supplement to the 1st quantity, it bargains an exterior historical past of the Romance languages combining information and conception to supply new and revealing views at the shaping of the Romance languages.
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Extra resources for The Cambridge History of the Romance Languages: Volume 2, Contexts
The only exceptions to this rather simpliﬁed and deliberately paradoxical picture that I have presented here are those monograph studies that limit themselves to the study of a body of quite homogeneous texts (such as the Pompeii inscriptions, which all come from the same area and same period (ad 79 or just before), the letters of Claudius Terentianus (cf. the recent edition by Strassi 2008) or the Albertini Tablets, although the results of these analyses are, in turn, portrayed as belonging to one and the same system, as if Pompeii in the ﬁnal years before ad 79, Egypt under Trajan 24 Latin and the making of the Romance languages and southern Numidia of ad 484–96 can be considered similar cases ultimately to be treated on a par with each other.
Although spoken Latin obviously lies outside our direct ﬁeld of observation, Dardel (1996a:91) claims that ‘this diﬃculty can, to a certain extent, be overcome through the reconstruction of the parent language of the Romance languages on the basis of the Romance languages themselves, with the help of the genetic comparative method’. This is widely acknowledged to yield an abstract result: ‘The historical parent language is a concrete datum, although not attested. Proto-Romance is an abstraction, derived from the Romance languages by means of an extrapolation which goes back several centuries in time’ (p.
These latter conclusions are, in my opinion, unconvincing. 62 (p. 85, 32), where one reads ‘Et ille respondebat: “Non dabo”. Iustinianus dicebat: “Daras”’ (‘And he replied: “I will not give [them to you]”. INF’ + habes ‘you have’; Fleischman 1982:68), provides proof that there were already grammaticalized forms of the new future type by the second half of the seventh century. Yet the sentence is attributed to the Emperor Justinian (sixth century) and is alleged to have been pronounced in Nisibis in Mesopotamia, rather strange circumstances for an early example of the Romance future, to say the least.