By Thorkild Kj'rgaard, David Hohnen
This ebook tells the tale of a fertile eu nation that, because of over-population and army armament, over-exploited its fields and forests in a nonsustainable model. through the eighteenth century, Denmark, in addition to different eu nations, came upon itself in an ecological concern: transparent felling of forests, sand waft, floods, insufficient soil fertilization and livestock disorder. This e-book explains how the main issue was once triumph over, and is the 1st try and comprehend early smooth Europe from a always ecological standpoint.
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Extra resources for The Danish Revolution, 1500–1800: An Ecohistorical Interpretation
N. 1; around 1750: See Chapter 1, n. 27. , Ill, pp. 129, 146, 463; IV, pp. 26, 200, 307-8, 312, 426, 468, 476, 481, 488, 500, 504, 552, 591, 660, 668, 670, 772; V, 1, pp. 96, 103, 196, 334, 337, 522, 533; VI, pp. 54, 467, 518-19, 547, 680, 747. See also Christian Vaupell 1862, pp. 400-17; Trap Danmark 1953-72, 9, p. 311 (South Zealand); 14, pp. 31-2 (NorthernJutland); P. Jensen 1902, pp. 269, 282, 287; Elers Koch 1892, pp. 95—103; FritzJacobsen 1940, pp. 48, 54, 58; Frits Hastrup 1970—3, p. 87, and Bo Fritzb0ger 1989a, pp.
Rockstroh 1911, pp. 40-2, 46. " The result was that drainage from the large meadows to the south of the inlet was blocked, leaving them under water. This was not all. 25 From an agricultural point of view, the felling of forests might at first appear favourable. The forest grazing for pigs and cattle that had been lost was replaced by open grazing areas, and the land could be cultivated, which indeed was done on a large scale. 27 The former forestland, which supplied the principal contingent of the 60,000 new t0nder hartkorn** initially provided excellent farmland, primarily because of its high content of humus, which is 23 24 25 26 27 28 Erik Pontopiddan 1763-81, V, 2, pp.
The four big problemsdevastation of the forests, sand drift, water level conditions, and the difficulty of maintaining the fertilizing power of the soil - not only exercised their individual effects but also entered into a negative, destructive interaction. An example of this was the use of cattle fodder and manure as fuel, which became widespread from the end of the seventeenth century onwards. The reason why straw, sheep manure, turf, dried cowpats, and other valuable forms of feed or fertilizer were used as fuel was the lack of wood, not only in particularly severely stricken areas, such as the peripheral islands of Laes0, Anholt, and R0m0, but also in central parts of the country, such the larger islands of Zealand, Lolland, Falster, and Funen.