By Diane Ravitch
A passionate plea to maintain and renew public schooling, The dying and lifetime of the good American institution System is a thorough switch of middle from one among America’s best-known schooling experts.
Diane Ravitch—former assistant secretary of schooling and a pace-setter within the force to create a countrywide curriculum—examines her profession in schooling reform and repudiates positions that she as soon as staunchly encouraged. Drawing on over 40 years of analysis and event, Ravitch opinions today’s preferred rules for restructuring colleges, together with privatization, standardized checking out, punitive responsibility, and the feckless multiplication of constitution faculties. She exhibits conclusively why the company version isn't really a suitable approach to enhance faculties. utilizing examples from significant towns like long island, Philadelphia, Chicago, Denver, and San Diego, Ravitch makes the case that public schooling at the present time is in peril.
Ravitch contains transparent prescriptions for making improvements to America’s colleges: * depart judgements approximately faculties to educators, no longer politicians or businessmen
* devise a very nationwide curriculum that units out what childrens in each grade might be learning
* anticipate constitution faculties to coach the youngsters who need assistance the main, to not compete with public schools
* pay academics a good salary for his or her paintings, no longer “merit pay” in response to deeply incorrect and unreliable try out scores
* motivate relations involvement in schooling from an early age
The demise and lifetime of the nice American institution System is greater than simply an research of the kingdom of play of the yankee schooling method. it's a must-read for any stakeholder sooner or later of yankee schooling.
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Extra resources for The Death and Life of the Great American School System: How Testing and Choice Are Undermining Education
We do not have such a precise archaeological context for the Classic Veracruz example at Piedra Labrada, but it may be assumed that it too was raised or erected as a major ritual act. Recall that the Structure 4 Panel at Tajín contained just such a hole in the center of the piece, oriented to receive a standard (Figs. 7). In the illustration of the standard on this monument, the device seems to pierce the center of the bench in much the same way that a standard would pierce the panel itself. The hole in its center, as well as the illustration of what is probably the functioning base on its surface, strongly suggest that the panel served as a base for such a standard.
1991; Taube 1992a; Sugiyama 2000:135–137, 2005:222; Nicholson 2001; Ringle 2004:214–215). The Feathered Serpent cult seen at Teotihuacan eventually was appropriated by several groups of Mesoamerican elites. Scholars disagree on several aspects of the symbolism and the function of the cult in the appropriating communities, but it is becoming clear that once the cult was implanted in a particular area, the elite developed it to serve their own ends. In the Maya area, for example, particular Teotihuacano groups were associated with the spread of cult symbolism (Stuart 2000), while later Maya elites developed a specific variant of the cult for distinctly local and regional ends (Stone 1989).
Tezozómoc 1878, Cap. 19 From this Skull Place, water flowed to the crops that sustained the Mexica, who then settled in to farm and enjoy the fruits of their patron deity’s creation of an agriculturally productive landscape. This paradise was not meant to last, however. A group of Mexica called the 400 Southerners (Centzon Huitznahua) began to sow discord when they announced that Snake Mountain was the true ceremonial center and the final destination for the Mexica. Huitzilopochtli, angered at the hubris of this group, descended from Snake Mountain and sacrificed the 400 Southerners in the first war: “And Huitzilopochtli just then was born.