The dispersal and social exclusion of asylum seekers: by Patricia Hynes

By Patricia Hynes

This publication establishes asylum seekers as a socially excluded workforce. It presents an outline of ancient and modern dispersal structures, and it investigates the coverage of dispersing asylum seekers around the united kingdom and the way this dispersal affects their lives. It argues that deterrent asylum rules raise the experience of liminality skilled via members. The ebook demanding situations assumptions that asylum seekers may be socially excluded till they obtain refugee prestige, and it illustrates how asylum seekers create their very own feel of 'belonging' within the absence of authentic attractiveness.

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Additional info for The dispersal and social exclusion of asylum seekers: Between liminality and belonging

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Such ‘relationship webs’ (Baker, 1990, p 64) and the ‘social worlds’ (the sum of all the migrants’ relationships and the forces that impinge on them at a particular time) that Emmanuel Marx (1990) describes are often key to understanding the experience of migration. They are also often overlooked by policy makers. Two decades ago, Marx (1990) pointed out the need to examine ‘social networks’ within studies of refugees and in doing so created an understanding of forced migrants being within ‘transnational social spaces’ (Castles, 2003, p 27; Boswell and Crisp, 2004, p 16).

Life in camp was considered by the refugees to be a continuation of the ‘long process of alienation’ in Vietnam and they considered themselves to be expelled from normal existence (1987, pp 49-52). Malkki (1995b, p 1), in her ethnography of Hutu refugees in Tanzania, also explored how refugees ‘by virtue of their “refugeeness” occupy a problematic, liminal position’, quoting Turner’s analysis: [T]ransitional beings are particularly polluting, since they are neither one thing nor another; or may be both; or neither here nor there; or may even be nowhere … and are at the very least ‘betwixt and between’ all the recognised fixed point in … cultural classification.

These arrivals Interview with a female representative of a refugee community organisation (RCO), London, November 2002. 15 17 The dispersal and social exclusion of asylum seekers were through highly visible resettlement programmes (Jones, 1982; Hitchcox, 1987; Gold, 1992; Duke and Marshall, 1995; Joly, 1996; Robinson, 2003b). Hale (1993) argued that this resettlement policy had four main principles. First, refugees were to be prevented from becoming dependent on external assistance and encouraged to enter into mainstream British life.

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