By Frederick C Teiwes
This booklet launches an formidable reexamination of the elite politics at the back of the most extraordinary variations within the past due 20th century. because the first a part of a brand new interpretation of the evolution of chinese language politics in the course of the years 1972-82, it offers a close learn of the top of the Maoist period, demonstrating Mao's carrying on with dominance while his skill to manage occasions ebbed away. The tensions in the "gang of four," the various therapy of Zhou Enlai and Deng Xiaoping, and the mostly unexamined function of more youthful radicals are analyzed to bare a view of the dynamic of elite politics that's at odds with permitted scholarship. The authors draw upon newly on hand documentary resources and vast interviews with chinese language members and historians to improve their tough interpretation of 1 of the main poorly understood classes within the heritage of the People's Republic of China.
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Additional resources for The End of the Maoist Era: Chinese Politics During the Twilight of the Cultural Revolution, 1972-1976 (The Politics of Transition, 1972-1982)
Cf. below, p. 25. 58 For Li’s observation, see Deng Liqun guoshi jiangtan, vol. 3, p. 323. A personal grudge by Wang and Tang toward the Premier concerned a 1972 incident when Zhou implemented Mao’s order to replace Tang with another interpreter, but the “two ladies” believed it was Zhou’s initiative. Barnouin and Yu, Foreign Policy, p. 38 (Yu being the pseudonym of a Foreign Affairs Ministry insider); and Introduction 21 something like probation for about eight months after returning to work in March 1973 while Mao observed his behavior, a situation also contributing to Deng’s relatively good relations with the radicals in this initial period.
Early in the Cultural Revolution Wang, who was a shrewd and forceful actor in the revolutionary politics of Shanghai, had thrown the support of his rebel Workers’ General Headquarters behind Zhang, providing him, and subsequently the Politburo radicals generally, with what Elizabeth Perry and Li Xun have termed “some claims to a social base,” and in turn Wang’s organization received Zhang’s blessing as the preeminent worker rebel group. But while this mutual support was important for both men in picture.
Of the “two ladies,” Wang Hairong held the higher bureaucratic position within the Foreign Ministry as well as the family connection to Mao, while Tang Wensheng served as Mao’s main English-language interpreter for most of the 1972-76 period. A variety of oral sources with personal experience of the “two ladies” view Tang as the “brains” of the duo, and claim that Wang, apart from speaking little English, demonstrated little talent generally. , see below, pp. 29-30. , Wo yu Qiao Guanhua [Qiao Guanhua and I] (Beijing: Zhongguo qingnian chubanshe, 1994), p.