The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of the Renaissance by Tom Streissguth

By Tom Streissguth

This newest quantity within the Greenhaven Encyclopedia of . . . sequence examines the cultural move that all started in Italy within the fourteenth century and unfold all through Europe over the following numerous hundred years. key phrases, pivotal occasions, and biographies of primary figures vital to knowing the Renaissance are incorporated. Entries are prepared alphabetically and diversity in size from a number of paragraphs to 2 pages. topic entries surround extensive themes, equivalent to structure, garments, schooling, Humanism, medication, and exchange, in addition to extra narrowly outlined entries: occasions (Fall of Constantinople, Inquisition, Sack of Rome); person international locations and towns (Austria, Rome); and different themes (Jews, Papacy, Plague). The people who are coated (among them, various girls) comprise artists, rulers, explorers, scientists, and non secular figures.
The quantity starts off with a seven-page, special assessment of the background of the Renaissance and a desk of contents. See additionally references are supplied the place warranted. numerous entries include black-and-white illustrative fabric, notwithstanding no longer continually of the highest quality to determine particular information. the quantity concludes with a complete index, chronology, and “For additional Research” record, including a few fabrics released among 1940 and 1970 which can not be on hand for college kids of their institution or neighborhood public library. Entries are good written and concise and supply a good advent to every topic for high-school scholars. complex middle-school social-studies sessions can also make the most of this source. notwithstanding it really is in no way the main whole reference paintings at the Renaissance, high-school and public libraries serving young people who research this well known curriculum subject will nonetheless are looking to buy a duplicate to enrich different titles.

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After his sons attempted to retake the city, the citizens of Bologna rebelled against him and destroyed his property. 42 Bentivoglio was then captured by the forces of the French king Louis XII, and died in Milan as the king’s prisoner. SEE ALSO: Julius II Boccaccio, Giovanni (1313–1375) Born in Florence as the illegitimate son of Boccaccio de Chellino, a merchant, Giovanni Boccaccio felt a strong ambition to become a poet from a young age. His father was employed by the Bardi banking house; he tutored his son in Latin and intended to make him a man of business.

In 1596 Bacon was appointed counsel to the Queen, but his financial situation did not improve and in 1598 he was arrested for debt. After a falling out with the Earl of Essex, Bacon was appointed to investigate Essex on the suspicion of treason. Essex was executed in 1601; Bacon explained his findings in the On the death of Queen Elizabeth in 1603, James I, the first of the Stuart dynasty, ascended the throne of England. Bacon earned recognition from the crown for his help in condemning the Earl of Essex.

Italian architecture and its classicism spread throughout the rest of Europe, where builders blended the new style with techniques and traditions of their own countries. Toward the end of the sixteenth century, classicism became an international idiom, used in the monumental buildings such as the Louvre palace in Paris, and the Escorial near Madrid. The architecture of the sixteenth century used classical buildings as a mere starting point for new innovations. The leading figure of the new Mannerist style was Michelangelo Buonarroti, who designed the Campidoglio in Rome, a beautifully proportioned public square atop the Capitoline Hill, the heart of the ancient city.

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