The Hospitallers and the Holy Land : Financing the Latin by Judith Bronstein

By Judith Bronstein

The Order of the health facility of St John used to be one of the so much inventive and significant associations of the center a long time, its heritage upsetting a lot debate and controversy. despite the fact that, there was little or no examine of ways during which it operated as an enterprise contributing to the survival of the Christian payment within the East, a spot which this publication addresses. It makes a speciality of the effect of a few of the crises within the East upon the Order, taking a look at the way it reacted to occasions, the contributions that western priories performed within the rehabilitation of the East, and many of the efforts made to revive its monetary and army power. particularly, the writer indicates the main position performed by way of the papacy, either within the Order's restoration, and in selecting the destiny of the crusader states. total, it deals a complete new viewpoint at the connections among East and West.

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For similar donations in Tripoli and Antioch see Riley-Smith, The Knights of St. John, pp. 55–57. For the economic importance of these donations see below, pp. 48–51. The Alexiad of the Princess Anna Comnena, trans. A. Dawes, London, 1967, pp. 294–95. For building activity in Asia Minor at the time of Alexius I Comnenus see also C. Foss, ‘The Defenses of Asia Minor against the Turks’, Cities, Fortresses and Villages of Byzantine Asia Minor, Aldershot, 1996, essay no. V, pp. 157–59. Edwards, for example, based this assumption on the fact that many architectonic features in the castle of Selefkie, such as broad windows in the towers or large undercrofts, are atypical of Armenian castle architecture, and very similar to the masonry of Crac des Chevaliers and other Hospitaller castles.

Riley-Smith, Nicosia, 1995, pp. 40–41. See also Riley-Smith, The Knights of St. John, p. 112 for the relations between Richard and Garnier of Nablus. , nos. 938, 972. for the Order’s expansion in Acre see Riley-Smith, ‘Guy of Lusignan, the Hospitallers and the Gates of Acre’, pp. 111–15. Eliezer Stern, ‘The Center of the Order of Hospitalers in Acre’, Qadmoniot, 33 (2000), pp. 4–12 (in Hebrew); D. Pringle, ‘The Archaeology of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: A Review of Work 1947–97’, Journal of Medieval History, 23 (1997), pp.

Their letter gave an alarming description of the situation. 21 It is not surprising that such an important political and diplomatic post was held by Archambaud, who in 1185 had been the grand commander of the Hospital in Jerusalem, the second most important officer after the master,22 and consequently a man who could judge the critical situation in the Holy Land. 24 Four years later, in April 1193, the new master Geoffrey of Donjon sent a general letter to the priories of the Hospital in Europe through William of Villiers, grand commander of Outremer.

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