By Stephen L. Fisher (auth.)
Minor events within the usa were studied either separately and jointly. at the foundation of those reviews, social scientists have set forth convinced generalizations about the kinds of American minor events, their features, their features, and the hindrances they face within the American get together process. in spite of the fact that, of their comparative research of political events, political scientists have more often than not constrained themselves to reviews in regards to the significant events. This learn examines intimately the entire minor events that have participated within the nationwide elections of the Federal Republic of Germany due to the fact its inception in 1949 in gentle of the descriptive and explanatory generalizations which were formulated approximately minor events within the usa. the aim of such an research is threefold. First, it presents fabrics at the West German minor events that allows you to be easily available for cross-national learn. moment, via comparisons with the West German event, the generalizations seasoned duced to provide an explanation for American minor events are made more advantageous for comparative research. 3rd, and most crucial, it seeks to illustrate that a few minor events play a major position in a celebration approach and that, for this reason, minor events shouldn't be missed within the comparative research of political events. i'm deeply indebted to Professors William B. Gwyn and James D. Cochrane for his or her assistance on this undertaking. This paintings couldn't were accomplished with out Professor Gwyn's assistance and prodding.
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Additional resources for The Minor Parties of the Federal Republic of Germany: Toward a Comparative Theory of Minor Parties
Although not a legal organ of the state, the NSDAP dominated the government and was superior to it. The coercive measures of the Nazi regime finally destroyed the traditional party system. Not only did Hitler outlaw all political parties except the Nazis, but, in addition, his policies resulted in the destruction of many of the traditional social structures which had supported the multiparty system. The social consequences of Nazism have been examined recently by sever- THE EVOLUTION OF THE GERMAN PARTY SYSTEM 41 al scholars including Charles E.
22. David McKean classifies minor parties as sectional, single-issue and secessionist parties - all transient movements (pp. 410-12). , 1956), pp. ] and Frank Sorauf (Party Politics . , p. 47) both emphasize transient parties, especially secessionist parties, in their discussion of minor parties. Ranney and Kendall classify as 'ideological parties" both the Marxist and the singleissue movements such as the Liberty or Free Soil parties (p. 435). Hugh Bone discusses both Marxist parties and parties of economic protest such as the Populists under a "doctrinal-ideological" label (pp.
381-96. 4 Charles Frye, "Parties and Pressure Groups in Weimar and Bonn," World Politics, XVII (July, 1965), p. 654. 42 THE EVOLUTION OF THE GERMAN PARTY SYSTEM Since the Western powers pursued different zonal policies in respect to licensing parties, the sequence of party formation varied among the zones. Nevertheless, the same four parties quickly emerged as the main parties in each zone. The goals of the Allied program were fulfilled in that only the four parties first licensed were able to operate in all of Western Germany, and that only these four eventually presented candidates in every state for the first parliamentary election in 1949.