The Molecular Vision of Life: Caltech, the Rockefeller by Lily E. Kay

By Lily E. Kay

This interesting research examines the increase of yank molecular biology to disciplinary dominance, concentrating on the interval among 1930 and the elucidation of DNA constitution within the mid Nineteen Fifties. learn undertaken in this interval, with its concentrate on genetic constitution and serve as, endowed scientists with then unheard of energy over existence. through viewing the recent biology as either a systematic and cultural company, Lily E. Kay indicates that the expansion of molecular biology was once end result of the systematic efforts by means of key scientists and their sponsors to direct the advance of organic learn towards a shared imaginative and prescient of technological know-how and society. She analyzes the motivations and mechanisms empowering this imaginative and prescient through targeting key associations: Caltech and its sponsor, the Rockefeller starting place. Her examine explores a couple of important, occasionally debatable issues, between them the position of non-public energy facilities in shaping medical time table, and the political dimensions of "pure" learn. It additionally advances a sobering argument: the cognitive and social basis for genetic engineering and human genome initiatives was once laid via the yank architects of molecular biology in the course of those early a long time of the venture. This ebook might be of curiosity to molecular biologists, historians, sociologists, and the final reader alike.

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The "Ludlow Massacre" in 1913 at the Rockefeller's Colorado Fuel and Iron Company implicated John D. , a director of the Colorado Fuel and Iron and soon to be president of the newly established Rockefeller Foundation, in ruthless policies against labor. "18 There were echoes of minor dissent even within the academic community. 19 James McKeen Cattell, editor of Science, leveled his criticism in 1917 against their pervasive influence. The Carnegie and Rockefeller Foundations have undertaken to dictate educational affairs all over the country and all the way from the primary school to the university.

Hoare and G. N. Smith, eds. and trans. (New York: International Publishers, 1971). For an elaboration of the Gramscian framework and its usage in American history see T. J. Jackson Lears, "The Concept of Cultural Hegemony: Problems and Possibilities," American Historical Review, 90 (1985), pp. 567-393, and six papers on the scope and limits of Gramscian hegemony, "A Round Table: Labor, Historical Pessimism, and Hegemony," Journal of American History, 75 (1988), pp. 115-162. 14. Loeb's popular image is embodied in Professor Max Gottlieb in Sinclair Lewis, Arrowsmith (New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1924).

213-214 (see Note 1). 20. 103-113, support of biology projects at Chicago 1930s-1950. On the relation of Chicago to Rockefeller philanthropies see R. L. Gieger, To Advance Knowledge, INTRODUCTION 21 pp. 196-200 (see Note 19). On Chicago's intellectual traditions, see P. J. Pauly, Controlling Life (see Note 14). 21. For a thoughtful discussion on this issue see Timothy Lcnoir, The Strategy of Life: Teleology and Mechanics in Nineteenth-Century German Biology (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982), Introduction.

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