By Robert D. Eldridge
Utilizing a multi-national and multi-archival method of this diplomatic historical past examine, the writer examines comprehensively and in nice element for the 1st time the origins of the so-called Okinawa challenge. additionally inlcludes 4 maps.
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Extra resources for The Origins of the Bilateral Okinawa Problem: Okinawa in Postwar US-Japan Relations, 1945-1952 (East Asia)
With that agreement, the initial proposal to SWNCC was withdrawn and the two military services agreed to have the Joint Staff Planners take up the study of the questions raised by Forrestal on Okinawa and the status of the islands in the Western P a c i f i ~ . ~ ~ Copyright 2001 by Robert D. Eldridge 28 Okinnwa in Postwar US-Japan Relations VI. THE JCS 570 SERIES, PART 2: 1945-1947-OKINAWA'S STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE Before looking at the JPS examination, it is necessary to take a quick look at the prioritization given to postwar bases by military planners.
The Army Shortly after Truman's briefing in June by the Navy, Truman requested his old friend and military aide, Colonel Harry H . S. " The Army's response, personally checked and edited by Army Chief of Staff General Marshall, agreed with the Navy's estimate of the geo-political importance of the Far East and the need to possess a Pacific line of defense. " In addition, secondary bases in adjacent areas, necessary "as outposts to our main bases and as flank guards to our strategic lines of communication across the Central Pacific," would create an "interlocking system of bases..
Control. S. control. How neutralization was to be accomplished or what form of control this would take was not made clear. Likewise, a concrete list of the locations of the bases that were needed around the world was not provided. As a result, when the revised version of the JSSC study (now labeled JCS 18315) was submitted to the JCS for Copyright 2001 by Robert D. " The JSSC study submitted two weeks later on April 1 0 and given the designation JCS 18316 (subtitled "Air Bases Required for use of an International Military Force in the Post-war Era") was also based on the assumption that "for a considerable period after the war" enforcing the peace would have to be entrusted to the United States, Great Britain, China, and the Soviet Union.