By Iris J. Arnesen
Giacomo Puccini, composer of a few of the world's preferred operas, together with l. a. Boheme, Tosca, and Madama Butterfly, used to be additionally a hugely literary one who established his librettos on present works of literature. This paintings explores that literary inheritance so one can improve the listener's appreciation of the operatic event. the writer argues that most of Puccini's operas compose a grand cycle that reveals its roots within the romance style of twelfth century France, helping rejoice the robust, self reliant heroine. through a detailed exam of the resource works, the librettos, and the rankings, this publication bargains clean viewpoint on Puccini's legacy.
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Extra info for The Romantic World of Puccini: A New Critical Appraisal of the Operas
Moving to Puccini’s pavilion at the Côte d’Azur, Magda proceeds to read the letter from Ruggero’s mother, who has written, “May she [the chosen bride] be blessed ... ” As the bestower of the Mother’s kiss, Ruggero has become Kundry; as the receiver of the kiss, Magda has become Parsifal. To be perfectly accurate, both Magda and Ruggero now have aspects of both Parsifal and Kundry at the same time. Wagner’s Parsifal and Puccini’s Magda both draw back in terror from the Mother’s kiss. Parsifal ﬂings himself on his knees, crying out to God to know how he, a sinner, can be purged of his guilt.
Magda thus takes on the task of redeeming Ruggero from the sin into which she has drawn him. To set the stage, at the beginning of Wagner’s opera, Parsifal arrives at a place called Montsalvat. In Puccini, Ruggero arrives from a place called Montauban. ” Ruggero, who on arrival speaks of his father, is incredibly naïve, and is deceived by almost everyone he meets. The ﬁrst words spoken in the Bullier’s scene are “Fresh ﬂowers! ” With ﬂowers sitting unattended in vases on every table it is unlikely anyone would expend money buying them, yet, “ﬂower girls mingle with the crowd,” crying out violets and roses.
After her guests leave, Magda thinks things over. Night has fallen. She goes to her room, then emerges wearing one of Lisette’s dresses. She takes one of her tribute roses from its vase, and tucks it in her hair. She is going to Bullier’s; back to the place where love once bloomed for her. But can she pass? Will anyone see through the rose, to what she really is? Before leaving, Magda studies her face in a mirror. “But really,” she assures herself. ” Act Two is set at Bullier’s. Young people swarm through the dance hall, celebrating the night with wine, love, and revels.