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Additional resources for Trends in International Migration: Annual Report 2004
3. Before 1998, data refer to annual averages and since 1998 data refer to the end of the year. Sources: Austria: Federal Ministry of the Interior; Belgium: Institut national d’assurance maladie-invalidité; Germany: Ministry of Labour; Luxembourg: National Statistical Office; Switzerland: Office fédéral des étrangers. and 2002 to 173 000. Around 88 100 permits were issued to French nationals, 39 600 to Italian nationals, 35 900 to German nationals and 7 100 to Austrian nationals. Luxembourg also admits a large number of cross-border workers (103 100 in 2002) who account for 38% of total employment in this country.
In France, on the other hand, 55 000 new foreign students were registered in 2002, 39% more than the previous year and twice the number of entries reported in 1998. Most of this increase is attributable to students from Africa (North and Sub-Saharan Africa) and China. There were a total of 165 000 foreign students in France in 2002. These trends are also apparent in several recent immigration countries like Spain, where around 45 000 foreign students were reported in 2002, or Ireland, as well as in Asian OECD member countries, notably Japan where there were 75 000 foreign students in 2002 (+18% compared with 2001).
4. Data refer to fiscal year (October 2001 to September 2002). Excluding immigrants who obtained a permanent residence permit following the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA). 5. Entries of EU family members are estimated. Excluding visitors. Among those who benefited from the regularisation programme, only those who received a permit under the family reunification procedure are counted. The “family” category also includes spouses of French citizens and scientists; parents of French children; and those with family relationships, who received the permit “vie privée et familiale”.