By Jerrod D. Green
A compact, uncomplicated instruction manual for U.S. Policymakers attracted to knowing the Islamic Republic of Iran. It synthesizes present analyses on Iran and attracts from non-American specialists with a special interpretive lens for viewing the likely opaque Iranian process. It offers brief analytic observations concerning the methods, associations, networks, and actors that outline Iran1s politics, procedure, monetary coverage, and international relations.
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Extra resources for Understanding Iran
Governmental resources include the government’s general income obtained from taxes, and yields from capital assets that include (among other things) part of oil revenues and yields from ﬁnancial assets. “Other” is a consolidation of governmental entities for which the total incomes and expenditures constitute less than 2 percent of total governmental resources. 4 Ministry of Commerce, Physical Education Organization, Atomic Energy Agency, Ministry of Housing and Urban Development, Oﬃce of the President, Foundation of Martyrs and Veteran Aﬀairs, Ministry of Intelligence and Security, Ministry of Islamic Culture and Guidance, Radio and Television, Ministry of Interior, and Judiciary.
A further perverse consequence is that because Iran’s domestic reﬁning capacity is limited, increases in domestic consumption of reﬁned products generate increased imports rather than increased domestic production and employment. Finally, the reason why domestic production of crude oil is ﬂat is that Iran is reluctant to allow—let alone encourage—the foreign investment and foreign technology needed to exploit proven reserves more fully and to explore more actively to enlarge the pool of reserves.
In both cases, energy Features of the Iranian System 29 resources encapsulate the large themes of modernity, sovereignty, selfsuﬃciency, and non-submission to Western control. In this respect, Ahmadinejad’s populist embrace of nuclear energy as Iran’s “indisputable right” follows the Mossadegh model—like the deposed prime minister, Ahmadinejad is using domestic energy as leverage over his domestic rivals, aiming to consolidate his position at home and to build support among his power base, particularly in the rural periphery.