By Zbynek Zeman, Rainer Karlsch
Examines the impression of the Czechoslovak and East German uranium industries on neighborhood politics and on societies, relatively within the decade or so after the top of the second one international struggle. The Erzgebirge - the Ore Mountains - at the border of Czechoslovakia and East Germany of the time, was once the oldest uranium mine on the planet, whose very important assets have been badly wanted for Stalin's atomic bomb. An creation discusses the silver-mining industries of the Erzgebirge zone, the background of experiments in physics at the instability of topic, and at the expanding call for for uranium starting in the midst of the nineteenth century. The e-book outlines the destiny of this mining zone within the chilly battle interval, together with a number of the political pressures and scientific difficulties its population got here below. the 2 industries are in comparison on the height in their creation and on the most sensible in their strategic significance for Stalin. It is helping the reader see the origins of the chilly conflict in a special viewpoint.
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Extra resources for Uranium Matters: Central European Uranium in International Politics, 1900-1960
General Groves tried to secure a monopoly over the purchase and processing of uranium by all available means. 40 The role of the Auer Gesellschaft in the supply of uranium was confirmed independently by information from Brussels and from Paris. Auer had taken over the management of a formerly Jewish company in Paris, which traded in rare metals, and thorium in particular. Dr. Egon Ihwe, who looked after this side of the Auer business, had supplied Alsos with the information. By the end of 1944, Groves knew of the central importance of the Oranienburg processing plant.
On the Bohemian and Saxon side of the Erzgebirge region, there also existed local spa industries based on the belief in the healing property of radioactive waters. On the German side, the springs at Ronnenburg in Zeman 2 31/1/08 42 3:39 PM Page 42 Uranium Matters Thuringia were the first to acquire reputation for their healing properties. Duke Frederick III of Saxe-Gotha, who suffered from gout, spent a considerable part of the year there. Ronnenburg lost its position as the leading resort early in the 20th century, and its spa service was suspended.
Zeman 1 31/1/08 3:38 PM Page 17 Part 1: Unparalleled Power 17 Beria used intelligence reports from the West to acquaint Stalin and the State Committee for Defense (GOKO, the highest government office concerned with military matters) with the subject of nuclear weapons. The reports showed that research in nuclear physics was considered to have significant military applications, and that the scientific community in Germany, as well as the British and Americans, also intended to use it for military purposes.