By Mary Kimbrough
Victory with out Violence is the tale of a small, built-in staff of St. Louisans who conducted sustained campaigns from 1947 to 1957 that have been one of the earliest within the kingdom to finish racial segregation in public lodgings. Guided via Gandhian rules of nonviolent direct motion, the St. Louis Committee of Racial Equality (CORE) performed negotiations, demonstrations, and sit-ins to safe complete rights for the African American citizens of St. Louis.
The e-book opens with an outline of post-World battle II racial injustice within the usa and in St. Louis. After recounting the genesis of St. Louis center, the writers vividly relate actions at lunch counters, cafeterias, and eating places, demonstrating CORE's impressive good fortune in profitable over at first adversarial vendors, supervisor, and repair staff. an in depth overview of its sixteen-month crusade at an enormous St. Louis division shop, Stix, Baer & Fuller, illustrates the teams' sufferer patience. Kimbrough and Dagen express after the passage of a public lodgings ordinance in 1961, CORE's aim of equivalent entry used to be discovered through the urban of St. Louis.
On the scene experiences drawn from middle newsletters (1951-1955) and recollections by way of contributors look during the textual content. In a ultimate bankruptcy, the authors hint the lasting results of the center adventure at the lives of its individuals. Victory with no Violence casts gentle on a formerly obscured decade in St. Louis civil rights history.
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Additional info for Victory without Violence: The First Ten Years of the St. Louis Committee of Racial Equality (CORE), 1947-1957
Louis to join Cecil Hinshaw’s Peace Army, a small group that visited churches to spread the doctrine of Gandhi. He stayed to work at the Missouri Welfare Department, and there he met his future wife, Joyce. Steve was attracted to CORE because of its emphasis on the nonviolent, passive resistance advocated by Gandhi. Irene Williams was an African American student in speech and language therapy at St. Louis University when she helped CORE to integrate eating establishments near the university. Vivian Dreer, a daughter of the highly respected African American educator Herman Dreer, grew up in the segregated city of St.
S. Immigration and Naturalization Service in St. Louis, a position he held from 1914 until his retirement in 1950. D. in labor relations at Cornell University. In 1945 she returned home to St. Louis to continue her degree work at Washington University while teaching social studies at Clayton High School. One day, while shopping in downtown St. Louis, she experienced a disturbing incident. She encountered an African American woman who was eating a sandwich in a small, dim rest room of a major department store.
Saturdays and holidays were shopping excursion days. A Case Study: Shop Here but Do Not Eat Here 43 The population of the St. Louis metropolitan area was concentrated within the city limits and nearby suburbs. White flight and westward expansion, and the suburban sprawl that would accompany them, had not yet occurred. Except for older communities such as Kirkwood, Webster Groves, University City, Wellston, Florissant, Ferguson, and Clayton, much of the county was still farmland with sparse residential development.